Our story: Part1(our roots)

Introduction

The roots of our community are to be found in the House Church and Charismatic Movements.  These in turn sprang from moves of the Holy Spirit that took place in the 19th century.

Two new movements

In the mid 19th century, two new church movements emerged which were characterised by the belief that the second coming of Christ was imminent and of the need for holiness by separation from the world.  These were the Irvingites (Catholic Apostolic Church) and the Brethren (led by John Nelson Darby).

Both movements also believed in the unity of the church, biblical authority, the leading and gifts of the Holy Spirit and that God was restoring his kingdom through them.  They also wanted to return to a New Testament church model.  The Irvingites were committed to the five-fold ministries (Ephesians 4).  

John Noble

The Brethren were convinced that denominations were not in God’s plan.  Interestingly, John Noble one of the original founders of our community in the early 70's, reiterated this 150 years later in his booklet ‘Forgive Us Our Denominations.'  John is a prominent figure today in the Charismatic Movement. 

The 20th century roots of the Charismatic Movement

An outpouring of the Holy Spirit in 1906 in Azusa Street, Los Angeles, catapulted Pentecostalism on to the Christian spiritual map.  In the UK we experienced the Welsh Revival, which spanned the years between 1904 and the outbreak of the First World War.  Many of the leaders of the new Pentecostal movement, were converted through the preaching of Evan Roberts, the most successful of the Welsh revivalists.  Lots of independent groups arose, along with rivalries and opposition from mainstream denominations.

Elim and the Assemblies of God

Early Pentecostalism operated mainly within existing denominations, but some independent Pentecostal groups formed, such as the Assemblies of God.  This group had many successful healing evangelists including Smith Wigglesworth.  Elim was another group to form, with whom the Jeffreys brothers are associated.  With the steady growth of Pentecostalism it soon became clear that it would not survive within the mainstream denominations and so they left to form their own churches.

A new wave of the Holy Spirit

During the 1960s and beginning of the 1970s, the Holy Spirit swept through the church again and the Charismatic Movement was born.  It affected every major denomination and was marked by renewed passion for Jesus, an expectation of his imminent return and a release of the gifts of the Spirit, including speaking in tongues.  This is when our community began to take shape.

Our History continued (House Church movement)...

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The Brethren were convinced that denominations were not in God’s plan. Interestingly, John Noble one of the original founders of our community in the early 70's, reiterated this 150 years later in his booklet ‘Forgive Us Our Denominations.’  John is a prominent figure today in the Charismatic Movement

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